Keratoconus is a degenerative eye disease that causes the cornea to gradually become unstable. This instability forces the cornea to curve into a cone shape and ultimately reduces functionality. The roots of the word “Keratoconus” stem from the Greek words “kerato” and “konos”. Kerato means cornea. Konos means cone. Keratoconus is fairly rare. About one in every two thousand individuals is diagnosed with it. Though uncommon, this disease often proves quite severe.
A Closer Look at Keratoconus
This disease typically occurs between the ages of 10 and 25. It gradually increases in severity as time progresses. Keratoconus begins in a single eye and affects the other eye in due time. Medical professionals have not yet pinpointed the exact cause of Keratoconus. It appears as though the disease is hereditary. Strong links have been established between Keratoconus and chromosomal and connective tissue disorders. Those who have Keratoconus should have the disease treated right away before the cornea endures significant damage.
Unnecessary contact with the eye is likely to advance the disease’s progression. Even wearing a contact lens that is not a proper fit can hasten the onset of Keratoconus. The medical community believes conditions like asthma, eczema and hay fever are connected to this disease. These conditions often spur patients to rub their eyes. Such rubbing hastens the onset of Keratoconus.
This eye disease triggers an increase in corneal steeping that diminishes and thins out the cornea. The result is often asymmetrical corneal astigmatism. Vision subsequently deteriorates, leading to severe visual impairment that fundamentally alters a patient’s everyday life.
Keratoconus patients often endure:
- Hazy or distorted vision
- Sensitivity to light
- Blindness at night
- Glasses that become useless
- Numerous prescriptions that are altered at a high frequency
When Keratoconus has not yet reached an advanced stage, patients typically wear hard or even gas permeable contact lenses. These lenses cannot be worn for extensive amounts of time.
Arizona’s Vision is Here to Improve Your Vision and Eye Health
We are proud of our reputation as one of the best clinics in the greater Phoenix area. Our eye specialists are here to treat Keratoconus sufferers. Our treatment modalities stand a good chance of halting the disease’s progression. We can also help correct visual impairment caused by Keratoconus. Give us a call today to learn more about our services and schedule an appointment.